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How to Choose Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy is one of the chronic neurological disorder where the individual suffers from seizures. This neurological disorder is experienced by many people across the world. The disorder is believed to be caused by meningitis, stroke, AIDS and traumatic brain injury. The chances of getting epilepsy increases when if the family members has the condition. There are studies which have shown that are some triggers that may cause epilepsy. There have been some triggers that have been found among people who have epilepsy which include lack of sleep, alcohol, illness and stress. Epilepsy occurs due to a combination of the triggers it even other causes that might not be known. When it come stone ensuring that the neurological disorder has been managed the seizures that the persons has have to be identified. The two main types of seizures are focal seizures and generalized seizures. In generalized seizures an epilepsy patient will experience jerking movement of legs and arms and loss of bowel movement it bladder while focal seizures will cause the twitching of limbs, loss if the five senses and dizziness.
The treatment drugs and options are provided base son the kind of seizures the epileptic patient has. The drugs have been placed into two categories and they differ in terms of the side effects. The first drug which is known as the broad spectrum anti- epilepsy drugs mainly treats more than one type of seizures and the effects are insomnia, fatigue and dizziness. The other anti- epilepsy drug is known as narrow spectrum and it is used to treat specific seizures with the side effects vary depending on how the drug has been administered. There is the oral tablet, IV injection and solution. These drugs are effective in managing the seizures a person has due to epilepsy. The triggers that a person has identified are mostly used to show the effectiveness of the drugs. There is a risk that will occur if the condition is not managed.
If the individual has been on the anti-epilepsy drugs and the condition instead improve then there are alternative treatment methods. The options available when the medication doesn’t work include the vagus nerve stimulation and brain surgery. Vagus nerve stimulation involves sending electric impulses to the brain using a stimulator device that is placed under the epileptic patient skin. The brain surgery is the last resort since it’s invasive the part of the brain that causes seizures is normally removed. Ketogenic diet can also be incorporated since there are studies that show the beneficial value for those who don’t respond to anti-epilepsy drugs.